I take private pay and PASSS funding for her services. Please contact me if you have questions about paying for services.
The following is taken from the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Adoption Subsidy Guide, which you can download in pdf format by clicking here.
Post Adoption Special Services Subsidy (PASSS)
PASSS is a unique subsidy designed to assist Ohio families after the finalization of their adoption. PASSS is available to all adoptive families, with the exception of stepparent adoptions, regardless of the type of adoption (international, attorney, public or private agency). The child does not have to meet the federal or state definition of special needs, which are more detailed than the PASSS definition of special needs.
How do I know if my child is eligible for PASSS?
In order to qualify for PASSS, the following criteria must be met:
- The child must have a special need consisting of a physical, developmental, mental or emotional condition;
- The child’s special need must have existed before the adoption was finalized or must have been caused by a pre-adoptive condition;
- The child is less than 18 years old, or less than 21 years old and mentally or physically disabled;
- The family has explored other sources of assistance, but the sources are inadequate or not available to meet the needs of the child;
- The expenses are beyond the economic resources of the adoptive family;
- The child is not in the custody of a PCSA or PCPA;
- The family resides in Ohio.
Is there an income limitation or sliding scale of benefits for PASSS?
There is no fixed income limit for PASSS.Therefore, even if you have a good income, you may be eligible to receive PASSS assistance if the cost of service is beyond your economic resources. An adoptive parent will be required to pay a 5 percent copayment on the amount approved if his or her gross income is more than 200 percent of the federal poverty guideline.
What types of services will PASSS cover?
PASSS is intended to pay for services not covered by other adoption subsidy programs, insurance programs or Medicaid. PASSS funds may be used to cover medical or psychological services that are deemed necessary to meet the needs of the child. Respite care and the maintenance costs of residential treatment programs may also be covered under the PASSS program. PASSS will not cover educational or recreational services or activities solely designed to improve self-esteem.
We did not adopt our child through an agency. Can we still get help?
Yes. As long as funds are available, the program covers all adopted children, with the exception of children adopted by stepparents, regardless of the method of adoption.
Our child is not having any unusual problems, but we are still having a hard time making ends meet. Can PASSS help with some sort of monthly payments?
PASSS is not a maintenance program. Therefore, it cannot provide monthly payments. A clear, well-defined, pre-adoptive need for service must be identified in order for PASSS to help. You can talk with your county department of job and family services to determine if there may be another program that could help you.
What if things change, and the amount of money we need is different from what we agreed upon?
Keep in touch with your PCSA to let them know of any unexpected changes in costs. If services will cost less than expected, the agency will want to free up the money to help another child. If the services will cost more, you can submit a new application.There is a limit of $10,000 per child per state fiscal year (calculated from July 1 through June 30). If the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) determines that extraordinary circumstances exist, families may apply for an additional $5,000. PASSS applications are approved based upon the availability of funds.
Is there anything I should do before applying for help through PASSS?
Yes. Before applying for PASSS, you first must explore other community resources. PASSS funding is intended only for situations in which other sources of funding are not available or are inadequate.
The PCSA should assist you in exploring community resources. Early exploration can help you define your child’s needs so that a PASSS application is easier to complete.
When and where do I apply for PASSS?
You can apply for PASSS any time after the finalization of the adoption.The application must be submitted to the PCSA— or children services board or county department of job and family services—in the county where you live.
What happens if my PASSS application is approved?
After you have received written approval from your local PCSA, you may schedule the approved service(s). The provider usually bills the agency directly.You should ask about billing procedures prior to receiving the service or at the time of service. If you decide not to use the approved services, please let the agency know as soon as possible so the money may be used for another child.
Who makes the decision to approve the application?
Each agency has a PASSS committee that reviews applications and supporting documentation. If the committee requires more information, you may be asked to submit additional documentation.The PASSS committee makes a recommendation to the PCSA director, who then approves or denies the application and informs the family of the decision.